All You Need to Know About Lowchen Dogs

Discover everything you need to know about the Lowchen dog breed, their characteristics, behavior, and more.


Learn about the origin of the Lowchen dog breed.


The Lowchen dog breed, also known as the "Little Lion Dog," is a small yet sturdy dog that's been around for centuries. Despite its small stature, this breed holds a proud ancestry that dates back to Europe's medieval times. Although it was once considered a rare breed, its popularity began to grow in France, Germany, and Belgium in the 1960s. The Lowchen were thought to have been developed from various toy-sized spaniels and brought over from the Orient. As a result, the breed's ancestry is somewhat ambiguous. However, what is certain is that this breed was bred for companionship and has been a beloved pet for many years.


Popularity of the Lowchen dog breed began to increase in the 20th century. Due to their unique appearance and friendly demeanor, these dogs quickly found favor with many dog lovers. They gained particular popularity in Europe, especially in France and Germany, where they were known as "the little lion dog." This newfound popularity led to an increase in breeding efforts, which resulted in more Lowchen dogs being produced each year. As their popularity spread, Lowchen dogs found homes in more and more countries around the world and today they are considered a beloved pet by many families.

Almost Extinct

The Lowchen dog breed is one of the rarest breeds in the world and has almost gone extinct on several occasions. During the early 1900s, Lowchens were primarily found in Germany, but their population significantly reduced due to World War I. Later, in the 1960s, the breed faced another alarming decrease in numbers. It was only a handful of dedicated breeders that worked hard to save the breed from extinction. Today, despite their small population size, Lowchens are cherished by their owners for their loving and loyal nature. They are also known to be intelligent, alert, and eager to please. It's heartwarming to know that this breed, which was once on the brink of extinction, is still alive and well today, thanks to the care and efforts of dedicated individuals.


Find out about the physical and behavioral traits of the Lowchen dog breed.

Size and Appearance

The Lowchen, also known as the Little Lion Dog, is a small breed that generally stands between 10-14 inches tall and weighs between 10-18 pounds. They have a distinctive, lion-like appearance with a long, flowing mane of hair that covers their head, neck, and shoulders. Their fur comes in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, and gray. Their build is sturdy and well-proportioned, with strong legs and a broad chest. Despite their small size, they have a surprisingly robust and muscular physique. The Lowchen's overall appearance exudes a regal and confident air, making them an ideal choice for those seeking a charming and elegant companion.

Personality and Temperament

The Lowchen dog is known for its affectionate, outgoing personality and playful temperament. These furry friends are highly sociable and thrive in interactive environments where they can engage with their owners and other pets. Moreover, Lowchen dogs are also very intelligent and have the ability to learn and utilize a diverse vocabulary of commands effectively. They are adaptable and responsive to training, making them popular as therapy dogs and performing art companions. These furry friends also have a calm demeanor and are not easily triggered, making them suitable for homes with children. However, owners must ensure to give their Lowchen dogs enough attention and exercise to prevent any behavioral issues. Overall, the Lowchen breed is known for their cheerful, relaxed and loving personality and makes a great companion for a family or individuals seeking a loyal furry friend.

Grooming Needs

Lowchen dogs are low-maintenance, but grooming is necessary to keep their coat healthy. Fortunately, their fur does not shed excessively, which means they are ideal for those with allergies. Their hair can be styled in various ways, including a traditional loin cut. These dogs require regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. A slicker brush can help distribute natural oils throughout their coats, keeping it shiny and soft. Lowchen nails should be clipped every two weeks to avoid long nails that can cause discomfort while walking. Finally, bathing should only be done once a month to avoid over-drying their skin. Regular grooming routine is essential for maintaining the health and beauty of your Lowchen.


Learn about training techniques and tips for Lowchen dogs.

Positive Reinforcement

One of the most effective techniques for training Lowchen dogs is positive reinforcement. By utilizing a diverse vocabulary of commands and rewards, you can help your dog learn to follow your lead without feeling intimidated or overwhelmed. With positive reinforcement, you'll be able to motivate your Lowchen to learn new commands, like "sit" and "stay," by offering them a treat or a pat on the head. For best results, make sure to mix up your commands and your rewards so that your dog stays engaged and interested. By mastering this training technique, you will be able to build a strong bond with your Lowchen and enjoy a happy, well-trained pet for many years to come.


Socialization is a key aspect of raising a well-behaved Lowchen dog. One of the best ways to achieve this is to utilize a diverse vocabulary when communicating with your furry friend. Encourage interactions with various individuals, including strangers, other animals, and different breeds of dogs. During socialization, it is important not to repeat the same verb more than twice in a paragraph as it enables your pup to pick up on tones and intonations associated with specific words. Additionally, avoid using the same nouns repeatedly as this can become monotonous and reduce the effectiveness of training. A fluent and varied approach to socializing your Lowchen will help them grow into an adaptable and well-behaved companion.

Obedience Training

Obedience training is essential for any dog, including the Lowchen breed. These intelligent dogs thrive on learning new things and performing tasks for their owners. To ensure success in obedience training, it's important to utilize a diverse vocabulary when giving commands. Lowchens have a keen sense of hearing, so it's crucial to use a clear and consistent tone when communicating with them. Avoid repeating the same verb multiple times in a paragraph, as this can cause confusion and lack of comprehension for your furry companion. Training sessions should be short and positive, with treats and praise given for good behavior. With patience and determination, your Lowchen will soon learn to obey commands such as "sit", "stay", and "come" with ease.


Understand the typical health issues and care requirements of Lowchen dogs.

Common Health Problems

Lowchen dogs are generally healthy and have few significant health issues. However, as with any breed, there are some common health problems to be aware of. Lowchen dogs can experience skin allergies, which may result in excessive itching and scratching. Ear infections are also common, so owners must regularly clean their dog's ears to prevent infection. Respiratory problems such as reverse sneezing can also occur. Proper dental care is crucial to ensure the dog's teeth remain healthy. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and appropriate care can help prevent these health issues.

Diet and Exercise Needs

Diet and exercise are key components to keeping your Lowchen happy and healthy. Like most dogs, they require a well-balanced diet and plenty of exercise. Make sure to provide your Lowchen with high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Additionally, pay attention to the portion sizes to avoid overfeeding your dog, which can lead to obesity and other health issues. Engage your Lowchen in daily activities, such as walks, runs, and playtime to ensure they get enough exercise. Daily physical exercise not only contributes to maintaining your Lowchen's physical health but also strengthens the bond between you and your furry companion.

Grooming and Hygiene

Grooming and hygiene are essential aspects of caring for your beloved Lowchen dog. These adorable creatures have long, luxurious coats that require regular grooming to keep them healthy and clean. To maintain their silky coat, Lowchen dogs must be brushed at least once a week using a comb or a pin brush. It is important to utilize a diverse vocabulary while grooming to avoid any repetition. As part of their grooming routine, Lowchen dogs also need regular bathing to keep their skin and coat healthy and shining. But, it's important not to over-bathe them, as it can cause their skin to dry out, leading to skin problems. Good grooming and hygiene are crucial to keep your Lowchen dog healthy and happy, so make sure to pay attention to their needs.

Choosing a Lowchen Dog

Get advice on what to consider when choosing a Lowchen dog as a pet.

Breeder vs. Adoption

When it comes to getting a Lowchen dog, prospective owners have two main options: adopting or purchasing one from a breeder. Adoption typically involves taking in a dog from a shelter or rescue organization, while purchasing involves finding a reputable breeder and paying for a specific puppy.

When deciding between adoption and breeder options, there are several factors to consider. One of the biggest advantages of adopting a Lowchen dog is that it is often more affordable than purchasing from a breeder. Additionally, adoption provides an opportunity to provide a loving home to a dog who may have otherwise been overlooked. Breeders, on the other hand, can offer puppies with valuable health and behavioral information, as well as a glimpse into the pup's family history. Ultimately, the decision to adopt or purchase a Lowchen dog is a personal one, and will depend on individual preferences and circumstances.

Puppy vs. Adult

When considering adding a Lowchen dog to your family, one important factor to consider is whether to adopt a puppy or an adult. Both puppies and adults have their benefits and drawbacks, so it's essential to weigh them carefully. Puppies are undeniably adorable and endearing, but they also require more attention, time, and effort to train correctly. On the other hand, adults are often more settled in their personalities and behaviors, making them easier to train and care for. Ultimately, the decision between puppy versus adult depends on your lifestyle, preferences, and ability to provide the appropriate care and attention needed throughout the dog's lifetime.


Choosing a Lowchen dog as a pet involves considering many factors to ensure their compatibility with your lifestyle. Lowchen dogs are known to have a high energy level, so they may not be suitable for individuals or families with limited space or a sedentary lifestyle. Additionally, these dogs require regular grooming and attention, so owners must be prepared to invest both time and financial resources. Another important consideration is the compatibility between the dog and children or other family pets. These interactions can be managed through proper training and socialization, but it is important to assess compatibility with these conditions before bringing a Lowchen dog home. With careful consideration, a Lowchen dog can make a loyal and affectionate companion.


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